preinit - This feature is available in the latest Canary


The preinit function is currently only available in React’s Canary and experimental channels. Learn more about React’s release channels here.


React-based frameworks frequently handle resource loading for you, so you might not have to call this API yourself. Consult your framework’s documentation for details.

preinit lets you eagerly fetch and evaluate a stylesheet or external script.

preinit("", {as: "script"});


preinit(href, options)

To preinit a script or stylesheet, call the preinit function from react-dom.

import { preinit } from 'react-dom';

function AppRoot() {
preinit("", {as: "script"});
// ...

See more examples below.

The preinit function provides the browser with a hint that it should start downloading and executing the given resource, which can save time. Scripts that you preinit are executed when they finish downloading. Stylesheets that you preinit are inserted into the document, which causes them to go into effect right away.


  • href: a string. The URL of the resource you want to download and execute.
  • options: an object. It contains the following properties:
    • as: a required string. The type of resource. Its possible values are script and style.
    • precedence: a string. Required with stylesheets. Says where to insert the stylesheet relative to others. Stylesheets with higher precedence can override those with lower precedence. The possible values are reset, low, medium, high.
    • crossOrigin: a string. The CORS policy to use. Its possible values are anonymous and use-credentials. It is required when as is set to "fetch".
    • integrity: a string. A cryptographic hash of the resource, to verify its authenticity.
    • nonce: a string. A cryptographic nonce to allow the resource when using a strict Content Security Policy.
    • fetchPriority: a string. Suggests a relative priority for fetching the resource. The possible values are auto (the default), high, and low.


preinit returns nothing.


  • Multiple calls to preinit with the same href have the same effect as a single call.
  • In the browser, you can call preinit in any situation: while rendering a component, in an Effect, in an event handler, and so on.
  • In server-side rendering or when rendering Server Components, preinit only has an effect if you call it while rendering a component or in an async context originating from rendering a component. Any other calls will be ignored.


Preiniting when rendering

Call preinit when rendering a component if you know that it or its children will use a specific resource, and you’re OK with the resource being evaluated and thereby taking effect immediately upon being downloaded.

Examples of preiniting

Example 1 of 2:
Preiniting an external script

import { preinit } from 'react-dom';

function AppRoot() {
preinit("", {as: "script"});
return ...;

If you want the browser to download the script but not to execute it right away, use preload instead. If you want to load an ESM module, use preinitModule.

Preiniting in an event handler

Call preinit in an event handler before transitioning to a page or state where external resources will be needed. This gets the process started earlier than if you call it during the rendering of the new page or state.

import { preinit } from 'react-dom';

function CallToAction() {
const onClick = () => {
preinit("", {as: "style"});
return (
<button onClick={onClick}>Start Wizard</button>